The temple of the Mother of the Gods Autochthon in Bermion Mt
The temple of the Mother of the Gods Autotochthon (Indigenous) was founded in the sacred landscape of Bermion Mt, where according to ancient tradition lived King Midas, son of the Great Mother and mythical archetype of the ancient royal power.
The temple consists of three parts, had a monumental marble facade with four Ionic columns and to the south there were some non-monumental porticos for the devotees, who came to the feasts of the Mother from all over the country of Beroia and the neighboring cities.
The temple was built in at least two construction phases, its main use dates back to Roman times (1st-4th century AD) according to epigraphic and monetary evidence.
The worship of the Mother of the Gods has been particularly widespread in Macedonia since the Hellenistic years, while during the Roman period the temple flourished, acquired its monumental appearance, and seems to play a central role in the immediate and wider area.
The most important find from the temple is the numerous inscriptions, engraved on almost every marble surface of architectural members, furniture and votive offerings. Most of these texts refer to acts of emancipation of slaves, which are placed by their master under the protection of the Great Goddess. These liberating inscriptions are a valuable testimony to the society, topography, law and economy of that time.
Excavation evidence of worship activity mark the marble tables found in front of the temple, in the central part and in the back part, as well as the ritual fires in the main temple.
The barbaric invasions (second half of the 3rd century AD), which bring extensive destruction to the region, in combination with the prevalence of Christianity as the official religion of the Roman state (early 4th century AD), mark the decline of the sanctuary and its abandonment.