The city of Aigai was founded to the south of the river Haliacmon, in the “land of Macedon”, as described by Herodotus, on the foothills of the “Macedonian mount” (Pieria). Research conducted in the wider area in the last twenty years showed that Aigai and its “land” spread over an area of almost 65,000 ha defined to the west and north by the river Haliacmon, to the east by the river Askordos (today called Krassopoulis), and to the south by the Pieria mountains.
An important center from as early as the Early Iron Age (10th – 7th century BC), as its impressive Cemetery of the Tumuli shows, the Macedonian capital becomes around the mid-7th c. BC the core of the kingdom and the cradle of the myths surrounding the kings of the Temenid dynasty, the descendants of Zeus and Hercules that came from Argos. A land rich in natural resources (water, wood) and the self-sufficient, located at the starting point of the ancient route leading to southern Greece and the neighboring ports of the Thermaic Gulf, city of Aigai managed to retain almost throughout its history the traits that are interwoven with all aspects of Macedonian life: a dedication to the ancestral tradition of a society structured in clans, just like the Homeric society, and, at the same time, a society open and ready to interact with other traditions and embrace novelty. The wider archaeological site of Aigai is protected and promoted as a world cultural heritage monument and a site of outstanding natural beauty.